Preventive-care practices among persons with diabetes--United States, 1995 and 2001

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2002 Nov 1;51(43):965-9.


Effective interventions are available to persons with diabetes that can prevent or delay the development of serious health complications such as lower limb amputation, blindness, kidney failure, and cardiovascular disease. However, the use of preventive-care practices is lower than recommended, and the national health objectives for 2010 aim to improve care for all persons with diabetes. To assess progress toward meeting these goals, CDC analyzed data on selected diabetes-related preventive-care practices, including influenza and pneumococcal vaccination coverage, from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) from 1995 and 2001. This report presents the findings of these analyses, which indicate that levels of preventive-care practices among persons with diabetes in the United States increased from 1995 to 2001. Further efforts are needed to improve care among persons with diabetes, reduce the burden of diabetes-related complications, and achieve the national health objectives, including continued surveillance of diabetes-related preventive-care practices and collaboration with community-based organizations, health-care providers, public health officials, and persons with diabetes.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
  • Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring / statistics & numerical data
  • Diabetes Mellitus / prevention & control*
  • Female
  • Health Behavior*
  • Healthy People Programs
  • Humans
  • Influenza Vaccines
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Physical Examination / statistics & numerical data
  • Pneumococcal Vaccines
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Vaccination / statistics & numerical data


  • Influenza Vaccines
  • Pneumococcal Vaccines