Relations among heavy training stress, mood state, and performance for male junior rowers

Percept Mot Skills. 2002 Oct;95(2):520-6. doi: 10.2466/pms.2002.95.2.520.


This study investigated the influence of rapidly increased training volume on performance and recovery-stress state perceived by 10 male junior rowers. The training during the 6-day period amounted to 21.5 +/- 2.2 hr., which was equivalent to an average increase in training load by approximately 100% compared to their average training volume during the previous 4 wk. The time to row 2,000 m on a rowing ergometer and resting cortisol level were significantly increased after the 6-day training period. Scores on subscales of the Recovery Stress Questionnaire for Athletes significantly increased for somatic component of stress (Fatigue) and decreased factor indicating recovery (Social Relaxation) after the heavy training period. A correlation of .63 was found between increased training volume and scores on the Conflicts/Pressure subscale at the end of the heavy training period. Correlations were also found between changes in training volume with changes on subscales of Sleep Quality (r=-.64) and Burnout/Personal Accomplishment (r=-.66). Changes in resting cortisol levels as a result of heavy training stress were related to the changes in the following stress subscales: Social Stress (r=.76), Fatigue (r=.64), Disturbed Breaks (r=.65), and Fitness/Injury (r=.67). Changes in performance, perceived recovery-stress state and resting plasma cortisol level reflect increased stress due to high training. These results suggest that the Recovery Stress Questionnaire for Athletes could be used to evaluate the effects of rapidly increased training volume for male junior rowers.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Affect* / physiology
  • Arousal / physiology
  • Estonia
  • Humans
  • Hydrocortisone / blood
  • Male
  • Physical Education and Training / methods*
  • Physical Exertion* / physiology
  • Sports / physiology
  • Sports / psychology*
  • Stress, Psychological / complications*


  • Hydrocortisone