Toxoplasmosis in three species of native and introduced Hawaiian birds

J Parasitol. 2002 Oct;88(5):1040-2. doi: 10.1645/0022-3395(2002)088[1040:TITSON]2.0.CO;2.

Abstract

Toxoplasma gondii was found in endemic Hawaiian birds, including 2 nene geese (Nesochen sandvicensis), 1 red-footed booby (Sula sula), and an introduced bird, the Erckels francolin (Francolinus erckelii). All 4 birds died of disseminated toxoplasmosis; the parasite was found in sections of many organs, and the diagnosis was confirmed by immunohistochemical staining with anti-T. gondii-specific polyclonal antibodies. This is the first report of toxoplasmosis in these species of birds.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bird Diseases / parasitology
  • Bird Diseases / pathology*
  • Birds
  • Female
  • Hawaii
  • Heart / parasitology
  • Immunohistochemistry / veterinary
  • Lung / parasitology
  • Lung / pathology
  • Male
  • Myocardium / pathology
  • Telencephalon / parasitology
  • Telencephalon / pathology
  • Toxoplasma / growth & development*
  • Toxoplasmosis, Animal / parasitology
  • Toxoplasmosis, Animal / pathology*