Objective: The objective of this study was to examine PKC isozyme expression in human articular chondrocytes and assess roles for RACK1, a receptor for activated C kinase in the mechanotransduction process.
Methods: Primary cultures of human articular chondrocytes and a human chondrocyte cell line were studied for expression of PKC isozymes and RACK1 by western blotting. Following mechanical stimulation of chondrocytes in vitro in the absence or presence of anti-integrin antibodies and RGD containing oligopeptides, subcellular localization of PKCalpha and association of RACK1 with PKCalpha and beta1 integrin was assessed.
Results: Human articular chondrocytes express PKC isozymes alpha, gamma, delta, iota, and lambda. Following mechanical stimulation at 0.33Hz chondrocytes show a rapid, beta1 integrin dependent, translocation of PKCalpha to the cell membrane and increased association of RACK1 with PKCalpha and beta1 integrin.
Conclusions: RACK1 mediated translocation of activated PKCalpha to the cell membrane and modulation of integrin-associated signaling are likely to be important in regulation of downstream signaling cascades controlling chondrocyte responses to mechanical stimuli.
Copyright 2002 OsteoArthritis Research Society International. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd.