[Gastrointestinal side effects in the therapy of rheumatologic diseases]

Z Gastroenterol. 2002 Nov;40(11):937-43. doi: 10.1055/s-2002-35412.
[Article in German]

Abstract

Antirheumatic drugs may lead to a number of relevant gastrointestinal complications. Symptomatical treatments with glucocorticoids and non steroidal antirheumatic drugs (NSAD) are known to induce gastric or duodenal ulcers, above all under combination therapies. Side effects of DMARD's (methotrexate, leflunomide, hydroxy/chloroquine, sulfasalazine) include unspecifical gastrointestinal symptoms like nausea, vomiting and diarrhea as well as induction of ulcerative mucosal lesions (methotrexate) and occurrence of a hepatopathy. The latter may appear as an asymptomatical elevation of liver transaminases or cholestase parameters, but can also lead, in some cases of a monothera-py (hydroxy-/chloroqine, sulfasalazine) or combination therapy (methotrexate + leflunomide) to a fulminant hepatitis. TNF-alpha-inhibiting drugs (etanercept, infliximab) as a new generation of anti-inflammatory therapeutics don't have relevant gastrointestinal side effects according recently published data.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / adverse effects
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / adverse effects
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use
  • Antirheumatic Agents / adverse effects*
  • Antirheumatic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / drug therapy
  • Chloroquine / adverse effects
  • Chloroquine / therapeutic use
  • Etanercept
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases / chemically induced*
  • Glucocorticoids / adverse effects
  • Glucocorticoids / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Hydroxychloroquine / adverse effects
  • Hydroxychloroquine / therapeutic use
  • Immunoglobulin G / administration & dosage
  • Immunoglobulin G / adverse effects
  • Infliximab
  • Isoxazoles / adverse effects
  • Isoxazoles / therapeutic use
  • Leflunomide
  • Methotrexate / adverse effects
  • Methotrexate / therapeutic use
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor / administration & dosage
  • Rheumatic Diseases / drug therapy*
  • Stomach Ulcer / chemically induced
  • Sulfasalazine / adverse effects
  • Sulfasalazine / therapeutic use
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / antagonists & inhibitors

Substances

  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antirheumatic Agents
  • Glucocorticoids
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Isoxazoles
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • Sulfasalazine
  • Hydroxychloroquine
  • Chloroquine
  • Infliximab
  • Leflunomide
  • Etanercept
  • Methotrexate