School-based obesity prevention: a blueprint for taming the epidemic

Am J Health Behav. Nov-Dec 2002;26(6):486-93. doi: 10.5993/ajhb.26.6.9.

Abstract

Objective: To review the literature on school-based obesity prevention programs to identify what can be done to minimize the increasing levels of obesity.

Methods: Twenty articles reporting school-based dietary or physical activity change programs were identified that used BMI or skinfolds as part of the evaluation.

Results: Seven studies obtained change in BMI and differed from those not finding change in 3 ways: program implementers were not classroom teachers; intervention targeted middle or high schools; and inactivity reduction was promoted.

Conclusions: An 8-step research strategy was delineated to develop and evaluate programs with a maximum chance of taming the obesity epidemic.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Health Services / organization & administration*
  • Adolescent Health Services / standards
  • Body Mass Index
  • Exercise
  • Health Promotion / methods
  • Health Promotion / organization & administration*
  • Humans
  • Obesity / epidemiology
  • Obesity / prevention & control*
  • Program Evaluation
  • School Health Services / organization & administration*
  • School Health Services / standards
  • Skinfold Thickness
  • United States / epidemiology