Receipt of asthma subspecialty care by children in a managed care organization

Ambul Pediatr. Nov-Dec 2002;2(6):456-61. doi: 10.1367/1539-4409(2002)002<0456:roascb>2.0.co;2.

Abstract

Background: Although proper outpatient asthma management sometimes requires care from subspecialists, there is little information on factors affecting receipt of subspecialty care in a managed care setting.

Objective: To determine factors associated with receipt of subspecialty care for children with asthma in a managed care organization.

Methods: We conducted an analysis of the claims from 3163 children with asthma enrolled in a university-based managed care organization from January 1998 to October 2000. We used logistic regression analysis to determine factors associated with an outpatient asthma visit with an allergist or pulmonologist.

Results: Of the 3163 patients, 443 (14%) had at least 1 subspecialist visit for asthma; 354 (80%) were seen by an allergist, 63 (14%) were seen by a pulmonologist, and 26 (6%) were seen by both. In multivariate analysis, patients with more severe asthma (odds ratio [OR], 3.81; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.99-4.86) and older patients (OR, 1.04; 95% CI, 1.02-1.07) were more likely to receive care from a subspecialist. Compared with Medicaid patients, both non-Medicaid patients with copayment (OR, 2.52; 95% CI, 1.85-4.43) and non-Medicaid patients without any copayment (OR, 3.40; 95% CI, 2.35-4.93) were more likely to receive care from an asthma subspecialist.

Conclusions: Children insured by Medicaid are less likely to receive care from subspecialists for asthma. Reasons may be due to health care system-related factors, such as accessibility of subspecialists, to physician referral decisions, and/or to patient factors, such as adherence to recommendations to see a subspecialist. Our findings suggest a need to further investigate health care system barriers, physician referral, and patient acceptance and completion of subspecialty referral.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Allergy and Immunology
  • Asthma / therapy*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Health Services Accessibility*
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Managed Care Programs*
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Pediatrics
  • Pulmonary Medicine
  • Referral and Consultation*
  • United States