Work-related upper extremity injuries: prevalence, cost and risk factors in military and civilian populations

Work. 2002;18(2):115-21.


Persons with musculoskeletal-related disorders represent a prevalent source of outpatient visits, lost work time and disability in the military; however, research concerning the extent of work-related upper extremity disorders (WRUEDs) within this population is lacking. This literature review examined studies in civilian and military settings to ascertain the prevalence, cost and risk factors associated with WRUEDs. The results indicated that the prevalence and cost of WRUEDs in the civilian workforce are significant, justifying the need to research the military population. The literature also outlined physical, individual and psychosocial factors associated with WRUEDs that will help identify potential risk factors within military occupations.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Military Medicine / statistics & numerical data*
  • Occupations
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Upper Extremity / injuries*
  • Wounds and Injuries* / economics
  • Wounds and Injuries* / epidemiology
  • Wounds and Injuries* / etiology