Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is a familial cancer syndrome characterized mostly by tumors of the parathyroids, pancreas and anterior pituitary. The gene responsible, MEN1, encodes Menin, a 610 aminoacid nuclear protein with no sequence homology to other proteins. Although a mouse knock-out model is available, the function of Menin is still elusive. Proteins of known function are shown to interact with Menin: JunD, nuclear factor-KappaB, Smad3, Pem, Nm23H1, glial fibrillary acidic protein, Vimentin, and probably P53. Their partnership with Menin may correspond to a regulation of their activity, but their relevance to the various traits of MEN1 pathogenicity is not established. This raises fundamental issues on the regulation pathways implicated in this complex endocrine disease.