Sphingosine 1-phosphate (Sph-1-P), a bioactive lysophospholipid capable of inducing a wide spectrum of biological responses, acts as an intercellular mediator, through interaction with the endothelial differentiation gene (EDG)/S1P family of G protein-coupled receptors. In this study, the effects of JTE-013, a specific antagonist of the migration-inhibitory receptor EDG-5, on Sph-1-P-elicited responses were examined in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs), which expressed EDG-5 protein weakly and abundantly, respectively. This pyrazolopyridine compound reversed the inhibitory effect of Sph-1-P on SMC migration and further enhanced Sph-1-P-stimulated HUVEC migration. In contrast, its effect on Sph-1-P-induced intracellular Ca(2+) mobilization was marginal. Our results indicate that specific regulation of Sph-1-P-modulated migration responses in vascular cells can be achieved by EDG-5 antagonists and that manipulation of Sph-1-P biological activities by each EDG antagonist may lead to a therapeutical application to control vascular diseases.