Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) is necessary for B-lymphocyte development. Mutation in the gene coding for Btk causes X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) in humans. Similar to Btk, c-Abl is a tyrosine kinase shuttling between the cytoplasm and the nucleus where it is involved in different functions depending on the localization. In this report we describe for the first time that c-Abl and Btk physically interact and that c-Abl can phosphorylate tyrosine 223 in the SH3 domain of Btk. Interestingly, the Btk sequence matched a v-Abl substrate [correction] identified from a randomized peptide library and was also highly related to a number of previously found c-Abl substrates.