Nebulin (600-900 kDa) and nebulette (107-109 kDa) are two homologous thin filament-associated proteins in skeletal and cardiac muscles, respectively. Both proteins are capped with a unique region at the amino terminus as well as a serine-rich linker domain and SH3 domains at the COOH terminus. Their significant size difference is attributed to the length of the central region wherein both proteins are primarily composed of approximately 35 amino acid repeats termed nebulin-like repeats or motifs. These motifs are marked by a conserved SXXXY sequence and high affinity binding to F-actin. To further characterize the effects that nebulin-like proteins may have on the striated muscle thin filament, we have cloned, expressed, and purified a five-motif chicken nebulette fragment and tested its interaction with the thin filament regulatory proteins. Both tropomyosin and troponin T individually bound the nebulette fragment, although the affinity of this interaction was significantly increased when tropomyosin-troponin T was tested as a binary complex. The addition of troponin I to the tropomyosin-troponin T complex decreased the binding to the nebulette fragment, indicating an involvement of the conserved T2 region of troponin T in this interaction. F-actin cosedimentation demonstrated that the nebulette fragment was able to significantly increase the affinity of the tropomyosin-troponin assembly for F-actin. The relationships provide a means for nebulin-like motifs to participate in the allosteric regulation of striated muscle contraction.