Contribution of mineral waters to dietary calcium and magnesium intake in a French adult population

J Am Diet Assoc. 2002 Nov;102(11):1658-62. doi: 10.1016/s0002-8223(02)90353-6.


Objective: To assess the contribution of mineral water containing different amounts of calcium and magnesium to the total dietary intakes of these minerals

Design: Matched case control study using data issued from the Supplementation en Vitamines et Minéraux Antioxydants (SU.VI.MAX) cohort.

Subjects: Subjects were water consumers-240 men and 424 women-divided into the following 4 groups (n=166 per group): regular drinkers of a calcium-rich and magnesium-rich mineral water (calcium, 486 mg/L; magnesium, 84 mg/ L), drinkers of a water classified as a moderately mineralized content (calcium, 202 mg/L; magnesium, 36 mg/L), drinkers of 2 low-mineralized waters (calcium, 9.9 to 67.6 mg/L and magnesium, 1.6 to 2 mg/L, respectively), and drinkers of tap waters.

Statistical analyses: Quantitative data were compared using student's t test. Mean comparisons were performed in multivariate analysis by analysis of variance.

Results: Dietary calcium intake provided by the various food groups did not differ between the 4 consumer groups, except for calcium provided by mineral water. According to its calcium concentration, mineral water may contribute to one fourth of the total daily calcium intake. Subjects who regularly drink mineral-rich water have a calcium intake that is significantly higher (P< 10(-3)) than those drinking either low-mineral-content water or tap water. Dietary magnesium intake provided by the various food groups did not differ between the 4 consumer groups, except for magnesium provided by mineral water. Depending on the magnesium concentration of the mineral water, it contributed 6% to 17% of total daily magnesium intake. Drinkers of magnesium-rich mineral water and water with a moderate mineral content had magnesium intakes significantly (P< 10(-3)) higher than those of drinkers on low-mineralized or tap water.

Applications: Mineral-rich water may provide an important supplementary contribution to total calcium and magnesium intake. For dietetics professionals, it may provide-in place of the usual recommendations concerning the consumption of dairy products-a good way to improve calcium and magnesium intakes, particularly in subjects who don't like dairy products.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Calcium / analysis
  • Calcium, Dietary / administration & dosage*
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • France
  • Humans
  • Magnesium / administration & dosage*
  • Magnesium / analysis
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mineral Waters / administration & dosage*
  • Mineral Waters / analysis
  • Multivariate Analysis


  • Calcium, Dietary
  • Mineral Waters
  • Magnesium
  • Calcium