Diagnostic value of urinary orotic acid levels: applicable separation methods

J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2002 Dec 5;781(1-2):57-71. doi: 10.1016/s1570-0232(02)00533-0.


Urinary orotic acid determination is a useful tool for screening hereditary orotic aciduria and for differentiating the hyperammonemia disorders which cannot be readily diagnosed by amino acid chromatography, thus reducing the need for enzyme determination in tissue biopsies. This review provides an overview of metabolic aberrations that may be related to increased orotic acid levels in urine, and summarises published methods for separation, identification and quantitative determination of orotic acid in urine samples. Applications of high-performance liquid chromatography, gas chromatography, and capillary electrophoresis to the analysis of urinary specimens are described. The advantages and limitations of these separation and identification methodologies as well as other less frequently employed techniques are assessed and discussed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Chromatography / methods
  • Electrophoresis, Capillary / methods
  • Humans
  • Metabolism, Inborn Errors / diagnosis
  • Metabolism, Inborn Errors / urine
  • Orotic Acid / isolation & purification
  • Orotic Acid / urine*


  • Orotic Acid