Antioxidant, free radical scavenging and anti-inflammatory effects of aloesin derivatives in Aloe vera

Planta Med. 2002 Nov;68(11):957-60. doi: 10.1055/s-2002-35666.


Antioxidant components in Aloe vera were examined for lipid peroxidation using rat liver microsomal and mitochondrial enzymes. Among the aloesin derivatives examined, isorabaichromone showed a potent antioxidative activity. The DPPH radical and superoxide anion scavenging activities were determined. As one of the most potent components, isorabaichromone together with feruloylaloesin and p-coumaroylaloesin showed potent DPPH radical and superoxide anion scavenging activities. Electron spin resonance (ESR) using the spin trapping method suggested that the potent superoxide anion scavenging activity of isorabaichromone may have been due to its caffeoyl group. As A. vera has long been used to promote wound healing, the inhibitory effects of aloesin derivatives for cyclooxygenase (Cox)-2 and thromboxane (Tx) A 2 synthase were examined and the participation of p-coumaroyl and feruloyl ester groups in the aloesin skeleton was demonstrated. These findings may explain, at least in part, the wound healing effects of A.vera. Abbreviations. ADP:adenosine diphosphate ASA:ascorbic acid BHT:butylated hydroxytoluene BSA:bovine serum albumin DMPO:5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline N-oxide DPPH:1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl EDTA:edetic acid HEPES: N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-piperazine- N-2'-ethane-sulfonic acid NADH:reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide NADPH:reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate NBT:nitroblue tetrazolium Pg:prostaglandin SOD:superoxide dismutase TBA:thiobarbituric acid TCA:trichloroacetic acid XOD:xanthine oxidase

MeSH terms

  • Aloe*
  • Animals
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / pharmacology*
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology*
  • Biphenyl Compounds
  • Chromones / pharmacology*
  • Cyclooxygenase 2
  • Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Free Radical Scavengers / pharmacology*
  • Glucosides / pharmacology*
  • Inhibitory Concentration 50
  • Isoenzymes / drug effects
  • Lipid Peroxidation / drug effects*
  • Male
  • Microsomes, Liver / drug effects
  • Microsomes, Liver / enzymology
  • Mitochondria, Liver / drug effects
  • Mitochondria, Liver / enzymology
  • Phytotherapy*
  • Picrates
  • Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases / drug effects
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Superoxide Dismutase / drug effects
  • Thromboxane A2


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Antioxidants
  • Biphenyl Compounds
  • Chromones
  • Free Radical Scavengers
  • Glucosides
  • Isoenzymes
  • Picrates
  • Thromboxane A2
  • 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl
  • Cyclooxygenase 2
  • Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases
  • Superoxide Dismutase
  • aloesin