Myosin VI, an actin motor for membrane traffic and cell migration

Traffic. 2002 Dec;3(12):851-8. doi: 10.1034/j.1600-0854.2002.31201.x.


The actin cytoskeleton and associated myosin motor proteins are essential for the transport and steady-state localization of vesicles and organelles and for the dynamic remodeling of the plasma membrane as well as for the maintenance of differentiated cell-surface structures. Myosin VI may be expected to have unique cellular functions, because it moves, unlike almost all other myosins, towards the minus end of actin filaments. Localization and functional studies indicate that myosin VI plays a role in a variety of different intracellular processes, such as endocytosis and secretion as well as cell migration. These diverse functions of myosin VI are mediated by interaction with a range of different binding partners.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Actins / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism*
  • Cell Movement
  • Cytoskeleton / metabolism
  • Endocytosis
  • Golgi Apparatus / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Microscopy, Fluorescence
  • Models, Biological
  • Myosin Heavy Chains / chemistry*
  • Myosin Heavy Chains / physiology*
  • Protein Binding
  • Signal Transduction


  • Actins
  • myosin VI
  • Myosin Heavy Chains