Rad54, a Swi2/Snf2-like recombinational repair protein, disassembles Rad51:dsDNA filaments

Mol Cell. 2002 Nov;10(5):1175-88. doi: 10.1016/s1097-2765(02)00743-8.


Rad54 protein is a member of the Swi2/Snf2-like family of DNA-dependent/stimulated ATPases that dissociate and remodel protein complexes on dsDNA. Rad54 functions in the recombinational DNA repair (RAD52) pathway. Here we show that Rad54 protein dissociates Rad51 from nucleoprotein filaments formed on dsDNA. Addition of Rad54 protein overcomes inhibition of DNA strand exchange by Rad51 protein bound to substrate dsDNA. Species preference in the Rad51 dissociation and DNA strand exchange assays underlines the importance of specific Rad54-Rad51 protein interactions. Rad51 protein is unable to release dsDNA upon ATP hydrolysis, leaving it stuck on the heteroduplex DNA product after DNA strand exchange. We suggest that Rad54 protein is involved in the turnover of Rad51-dsDNA filaments.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Triphosphatases / metabolism
  • Adenosine Triphosphate / metabolism
  • DNA / chemistry*
  • DNA / metabolism
  • DNA Helicases
  • DNA Repair Enzymes
  • DNA Repair*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / chemistry
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Fungal Proteins / chemistry
  • Fungal Proteins / metabolism*
  • Nuclear Proteins*
  • Protein Binding
  • Rad51 Recombinase
  • Recombination, Genetic*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins*
  • Sodium Chloride / pharmacology
  • Time Factors
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism*


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Transcription Factors
  • Sodium Chloride
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • DNA
  • RAD51 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Rad51 Recombinase
  • Adenosine Triphosphatases
  • RAD54 protein, S cerevisiae
  • SNF2 protein, S cerevisiae
  • DNA Helicases
  • DNA Repair Enzymes