Background: Chronic inflammation characterized by increased C-reactive protein (CRP) levels strongly predicts cardiovascular death in both nonrenal and renal patients. We investigated the role of hemodialysis-induced elevated CRP levels on cardiac hypertrophy in hemodialysis patients.
Methods: We grouped 118 stable patients as responders and nonresponders according to the response of CRP (>4 mg/L) after a single hemodialysis session.
Results: Predialysis CRP and interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentrations were significantly greater in responders compared with nonresponders (6.4 versus 2.0 mg/L and 8.7 versus 4.8 ng/L, respectively; P < 0.01). Postdialysis CRP concentrations in responders (8.8 mg/L; P < 0.05) and IL-6 concentrations in responders and nonresponders (10.0 versus 5.4 ng/L; P < 0.05) further increased. Intact parathyroid hormone, fibrinogen, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] levels (P < 0.05), as well as interventricular septal thickness (IVST; P < 0.005), left ventricular posterior wall thickness (LVPWT; P < 0.05), and left ventricular mass index (LVMi; P < 0.05) were significantly greater in responders compared with nonresponders. Predialysis and postdialysis CRP levels correlated positively with Lp(a) (P < 0.01, P < 0,05, respectively), fibrinogen, and predialysis and postdialysis IL-6 levels (P < 0.001) and negatively with albumin level (P < 0.05, P < 0.01, respectively). LVMi, as well as IVST and LVPWT, correlated not only with predialysis and postdialysis CRP levels, but also IL-6 levels (P < 0.05). The interval changes in postdialysis to predialysis CRP levels correlated significantly with IVST, PWT (r = 0.500; r = 0.458; P < 0.001, respectively), and LVMi (r = 0.252; P < 0.05). On multivariate analysis, the responder was the only predictor of IVST, LVPWT, and LVMi (P < 0.001, P < 0.001, and P < 0.01, respectively).
Conclusion: Elevated CRP concentrations associated with hemodialysis may be useful for the prediction of proatherogenic reactivity and cardiac hypertrophy.
Copyright 2002 by the National Kidney Foundation, Inc.