Significance of chemokines and soluble CD40 ligand in patients with autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura

Eur J Haematol. 2002 Nov-Dec;69(5-6):303-8. doi: 10.1034/j.1600-0609.2002.02774.x.


We investigated the levels of various chemokines and soluble CD40L (sCD40L) in ITP patients, in order to determine the influence of CD40-CD40L interaction on the pathogenesis of ITP. We found increases in MCP-1 and RANTES levels in ITP patients compared with those in healthy individuals. Thirty-eight of the 65 ITP patients (58.5%) had elevated levels of sCD40L. We found significant decreases in platelet counts in sCD40L-positive ITP patients. Although the sCD40L level did not differ significantly between the control and nonimmune thrombocytopenia groups, but among ITP patients. sCD40L level was significantly higher in those with untreated ITP than in those with treated ITP. In addition, significant increases in RANTES, MCP-1, sCD14, and sP-selectin levels were observed in sCD40L-positive ITP patients, although sE-selectin levels were not increased in such patients. For other factors examined, however, there were no differences in level between sCD40L-positive and -negative ITP patients. These findings suggests that there are two groups of ITP patients, one with elevated and one with normal of sCD40L. ITP cases in which sCD40L was increased appeared to involve changes in platelet counts and monocyte activation. The pathogenesis of ITP may in some patients include alterations of the CD40/CD40L pathway.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • CD40 Ligand / blood*
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Chemokine CCL2 / blood
  • Chemokine CCL5 / blood
  • Chemokines / blood*
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lipopolysaccharide Receptors / blood
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic / blood
  • Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic / etiology*
  • Reagent Kits, Diagnostic
  • Solubility


  • Chemokine CCL2
  • Chemokine CCL5
  • Chemokines
  • Lipopolysaccharide Receptors
  • Reagent Kits, Diagnostic
  • CD40 Ligand