Mortality study of workers compensated for asbestosis in Poland, 1970-1997

Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2002;15(3):267-78.

Abstract

The aim of the study was to assess the risk of asbestos-related malignancies among persons with diagnosed asbestosis. The study covered a cohort composed of 907 men and 490 women afflicted by asbestosis, diagnosed is 1970-1997. The follow-up of the cohort continued until 31 December 1999. In all, 421 deaths were registered and causes of death were retrieved for 93.3% of the deceased. A significantly increased mortality was observed both in the male 1300 deaths; SMR = 127; 95%CI: 113-142) and female (121 deaths, SMR = 150; 95%CI: 124-179) cohorts. The elevated number of deaths in the male and female cohorts were noted mainly due to respiratory diseases (men: 42 deaths; SMR = 344; 95%CI: 248-465; women: 20 deaths, SMR = 789; 95%CI: 482-1219) malignant neoplasms (men: 91 deaths, SMR = 146; 95%CI: 118-179; women: 34 deaths, SMR = 159; 95%CI: 110-222), including lung cancer (men: 39 deaths, SMR = 168; 95% CI: 119-230; women: 13 deaths, SMR = 621; 95%CI: 331-1062) and pleural mesothelioma (men: 3 deaths, SMR = 2680; 95%CI: 553-7832; women: 3 deaths, SMR = 7207; 95%CI: 1031-14612). Taking into account a cumulative dose of fibers, it was found that a significantly increased mortality from lung cancer and pleural mesothelioma applied to persons exposed to a dose above 25 f-y/ml. The results indicate that persons with asbestosis are at higher risk of developing malignant neoplasms, especially lung cancer and mesothelioma.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Asbestosis / complications
  • Asbestosis / mortality*
  • Cause of Death
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms / complications
  • Lung Neoplasms / mortality*
  • Male
  • Mesothelioma / complications
  • Mesothelioma / mortality*
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupational Diseases / complications
  • Occupational Diseases / mortality*
  • Pleural Neoplasms / complications
  • Pleural Neoplasms / mortality*
  • Poland / epidemiology
  • Risk Assessment
  • Workers' Compensation