Recurrent pneumonia in children: clinical profile and underlying causes

Acta Paediatr. 2002;91(11):1170-3. doi: 10.1080/080352502320777388.


Aim: To study the clinical profile and describe the predisposing causes of recurrent pneumonia in Indian children.

Methods: The clinical details and the investigations of children presenting with recurrent pneumonia to the paediatric chest clinic services of a tertiary care centre in northern India were reviewed.

Results: Seventy children (44M, 26F) presented with recurrent pneumonia over a period of 5 y. Based on the clinical features and the results of the investigations, underlying illness could be identified in 59 children (84%). The most frequent underlying cause for recurrent pneumonia was recurrent aspiration (24.2%), followed by immunodeficiency (15.7%), asthma (14.2%) and structural anomalies (8.6%).

Conclusion: The underlying cause of recurrent pneumonia was identified in more than 80% of children. Recurrent aspirations were the most common cause.

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • India / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Pneumonia / diagnosis
  • Pneumonia / etiology*
  • Pneumonia, Aspiration / epidemiology
  • Recurrence
  • Retrospective Studies