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Comparative Study
. 2002 Nov 27;111(5):673-85.
doi: 10.1016/s0092-8674(02)01084-x.

Identification of a Wnt/Dvl/beta-Catenin --> Pitx2 Pathway Mediating Cell-Type-Specific Proliferation During Development

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Comparative Study

Identification of a Wnt/Dvl/beta-Catenin --> Pitx2 Pathway Mediating Cell-Type-Specific Proliferation During Development

Chrissa Kioussi et al. Cell. .

Abstract

Understanding the cell type-specific molecular mechanisms by which distinct signaling pathways combinatorially control proliferation during organogenesis is a central issue in development and disease. Here, we report that the bicoid-related transcription factor Pitx2 is rapidly induced by the Wnt/Dvl/beta-catenin pathway and is required for effective cell-type-specific proliferation by directly activating specific growth-regulating genes. Regulated exchange of HDAC1/beta-catenin converts Pitx2 from repressor to activator, analogous to control of TCF/LEF1. Pitx2 then serves as a competence factor required for the temporally ordered and growth factor-dependent recruitment of a series of specific coactivator complexes that prove necessary for Cyclin D2 gene induction. The molecular strategy underlying interactions between the Wnt and growth factor-dependent signaling pathways in cardiac outflow tract and pituitary proliferation is likely to be prototypic of cell-specific proliferation strategies in other tissues.

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