Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) and maximum tolerated doses (MTDs) of a docetaxel-carboplatin regimen in patients with locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) or recurrent cervical cancer. The regimen was administered weekly, with a maximum of 12 courses.
Patients and methods: Twenty patients were treated with with a total of 145 cycles of weekly carboplatin and docetaxel. The starting dose of docetaxel was 25 mg/m(2) with increments of 5 mg/m(2) until a final dose of 35 mg/m(2) was reached. Dose-escalation of docetaxel was followed by carboplatin at AUC 2, AUC 2.5, and AUC 3, respectively. Defined dose-limiting toxicities were WHO grade (G) 3 hematotoxicity, G4 mucositis, and G2 neurotoxicity. The response status of the patients was assessed using the common ECOG response criteria.
Results: Two of four patients developed a DLT at dose level 4. Nonhematological toxicity was generally mild, except for ubiquitous complete alopecia. The MTD was reached at docetaxel 35 mg/m(2) and carboplatin AUC 2 mg/mL.min. The overall response rate was 65% in the entire group of evaluable patients and 77% in patients with primary LACC, with two cases of pathological complete response.
Conclusion: This dose-dense regimen was well-tolerated and could be administered on an outpatient basis.