The unicellular cyanobacteria Synechocystis sp. (PCC6803) has become a model organism for a range of biochemical and molecular biology studies aimed at investigating environmental stress responses. In this study the soluble proteins of Synechocystis were analysed using narrow pH range (pH 4.5-5.5) zoom gels, automated matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry acquisition, spectral processing and database searching. The work sets the foundation for investigations of proteomic changes following stress treatment. One hundred and ninety-two protein spots were analysed and 105 proteins identified, of these 37 were novel proteins not previously seen on two-dimensional gels. Proteins involved in amino acid biosynthesis, energy metabolism and protein modification were identified using this fully automated procedure demonstrating that automated acquisition and processing will be a useful tool for proteomic analyses on this organism.