Lidocaine-containing Euro-Collins solution prevents renal injury in the isolated perfused canine kidney exposed to prolonged cold ischemia

Physiol Res. 2002;51(5):493-9.


Previous studies have reported a decreased incidence of delayed graft function after cadaveric transplantation with the use of lidocaine pretreatment of the donor. We evaluated the effects of lidocaine on prolonged cold ischemia and reperfusion injury in a canine model of isolated kidney perfusion (IPK). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the renal function of isolated perfused canine kidneys after 48 h of cold storage with Euro-Collins (EC) solution or EC solution plus lidocaine. Isolated perfused canine kidneys were randomized into four groups which contained six kidneys: I) cold flush with EC solution and immediately reperfused, II) cold flush with EC solution plus lidocaine and immediately reperfused, III) 48 h of cold storage with EC and reperfusion, IV) 48 h of cold storage with EC solution plus lidocaine and reperfusion. The measured renal functions were glomerular filtration rate, urine production, perfusate flow, urinary lactic dehydrogenase (ULDH), Na reabsorptive capacity, and tissue MDA levels. Histological examination was performed after reperfusion. The tubular functions of kidneys preserved with EC solution containing lidocaine were better when compared with the kidneys preserved with EC alone. Tubular injury marker levels (ULDH) in group IV were significantly lower than in group III and lidocaine also reduced lipid peroxidation during reperfusion. This is in agreement with the histological results. The results of the present study can be taken as evidence of the cytoprotective effect of lidocaine, which may therefore be accepted as a useful agent for kidney preservation.

MeSH terms

  • Anesthetics, Local / pharmacology*
  • Animals
  • Cold Temperature
  • Dogs
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate
  • Hypertonic Solutions / pharmacology*
  • Ischemia / drug therapy*
  • Kidney / pathology
  • Kidney / physiology
  • Kidney / surgery
  • Kidney Transplantation*
  • Lidocaine / pharmacology*
  • Male
  • Organ Preservation / methods
  • Perfusion
  • Sodium / urine


  • Anesthetics, Local
  • Euro-Collins' solution
  • Hypertonic Solutions
  • Lidocaine
  • Sodium