Nicotine treatment triggers calcium influx into neuronal cells, which promotes cell survival in a number of neuronal cells. Phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinase and downstream PI3-kinase target Akt have been reported to be important in the calcium-mediated promotion of survival in a wide variety of cells. We investigated the mechanisms of nicotine-induced phosphorylation of Akt in PC12h cells, in comparison with nicotine-induced ERK phosphorylation. Nicotine induced Akt phosphorylation in a dose-dependent manner. A nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) alpha7 subunit-selective inhibitor had no significant effect on nicotine-induced Akt phosphorylation, while a non-selective nAChR antagonist inhibited the phosphorylation. L-type voltage-sensitive calcium channel (VSCC) antagonists, calmodulin antagonist, and Ca2+/calmudulin-dependent protein kinase (CaM kinase) inhibitor prevented the nicotine-induced Akt phosphorylation. Three epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors prevented the nicotine-induced phosphorylation of both extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (p42/44 MAP kinase, ERK) and Akt. In contrast, an inhibitor of the Src family tyrosine kinase prevented the nicotine-induced Akt phosphorylation but not ERK phosphorylation. These results suggested that nicotine induces the activation of both PI3-kinase/Akt and ERK pathways via common pathways including non-alpha7-nAChRs, L-type VSCC, CaM kinase II and EGFR in PC12h cells, but Src family tyrosine kinases only participate in the pathway to activate Akt.