Comparison of post-gel shrinkage strains in light-polymerized composite resins

J Prosthet Dent. 2002 Nov;88(5):461-6. doi: 10.1067/mpr.2002.129080.


Statement of problem: Polymerization shrinkage is associated with light-polymerized and polyacid-modified composites.

Purpose: This in vitro study compared the polymerization shrinkage of a light-polymerized hybrid composite, a posterior composite, and a polyacid-modified composite.

Material and methods: Five disk-shaped specimens (1 cm in diameter and 2 mm in thickness) were prepared in a mold from each of the following test materials: a light-polymerized hybrid composite (3M Valux Plus), a posterior composite (Filtek P60), and a polyacid-modified composite (Dyract AP). The hybrid composite served as the control material. A linear strain gauge was placed at the center of each specimen. After the specimens were light-polymerized for 60 seconds under 400-mW/cm(2) light intensity, microstrains were recorded with the strain indicator continuously every 4 seconds for 120 seconds. The data were evaluated with 1-way analysis of variance (P<.05) followed by a post hoc least significant difference test.

Results: During the first 20 seconds of light polymerization, all materials exhibited tensile strains between 6 and 55 mu epsilon that quickly converted into compressive strains and continued rising after the light source was removed. The strains for all materials increased at a declining rate until they reached a constant level between 148 and 180 seconds. The polymerization shrinkage recorded for Filtek P60 was the lowest (-190.56 mu epsilon), followed by 3M Valux Plus (-303.94 mu epsilon) and Dyract AP (-345.64 mu epsilon) (P<.05). The dimensional change between Filtek P60 and Dyract AP and between Filtek P60 and 3M Valux Plus was significant (P=.001). However, the difference between Dyract AP and 3M Valux Plus specimens was not significant (P=.208).

Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, the light-polymerized posterior composite tested demonstrated less polymerization shrinkage than the polyacid-modified and hybrid composites tested. Polymerization shrinkage velocity significantly affected the magnitude of strains.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Analysis of Variance
  • Compomers / chemistry*
  • Compomers / radiation effects
  • Composite Resins / chemistry*
  • Composite Resins / radiation effects
  • Gels / chemistry
  • Gels / radiation effects
  • Humans
  • Light
  • Materials Testing
  • Methacrylates / chemistry
  • Methacrylates / radiation effects
  • Polymers / chemistry
  • Polymers / radiation effects
  • Radiation Dosage
  • Silicates / chemistry
  • Silicates / radiation effects
  • Statistics as Topic
  • Stress, Mechanical
  • Surface Properties
  • Time Factors


  • Compomers
  • Composite Resins
  • Dyract
  • Filtek P60 Composite Resin
  • Gels
  • Methacrylates
  • Polymers
  • Silicates
  • valux plus