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, 7 (10), 1083-91

Decreased muscarinic1 Receptors in the Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex of Subjects With Schizophrenia

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Decreased muscarinic1 Receptors in the Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex of Subjects With Schizophrenia

B Dean et al. Mol Psychiatry.

Abstract

To test the hypothesis that muscarinic receptors are involved in the pathology of schizophrenia, we measured muscarinic(1) (M1R) and muscarinic(4)(M4R) protein and mRNA as well as [(3)H]pirenzepine binding in Brodmann's areas (BA) 9 and 40 obtained postmortem from 20 schizophrenic and 20 age/sex-matched control subjects. There was a significant decrease in [(3)H]pirenzepine binding to BA 9 (mean +/- SEM: 151 +/- 15 vs 195 +/- 10 fmol mg(-1) ETE; P< 0.02), but not BA 40 (143 +/- 13 vs 166 +/- 11 fmol mg(-1) ETE), from subjects with schizophrenia. The level of M1R protein (0.11 +/- 0.007 vs 0.15 +/- 0.008 OD; P < 0.01), but not M4R protein, was decreased in BA9 from schizophrenic subjects with neither receptor protein being altered in BA 40. The level of M1R mRNA was decreased in BA 9 (30 +/- 7.0 vs 79 +/- 14 dpm x 10(3) mg(-1) ETE, P < 0.01) and BA 40 (28 +/- 5.9 vs 99 +/- 14, P < 0.01) with schizophrenia but M4R mRNA was only decreased in BA 40 (48 +/- 6.6 vs 89 +/- 9.9, P < 0.005). These data suggest that the M1R, at least in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, may have a role in the pathology of schizophrenia.

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