The impact of hands-free message reception/response on driving task performance

Accid Anal Prev. 2003 Jan;35(1):23-35. doi: 10.1016/s0001-4575(01)00083-5.


A series of closed-course driving experiments were conducted in which 41 drivers ranging in age from 19 to 70 were put through a series of increasingly challenging driving performance tasks both in the presence and absence of audible messages. The messages required specific responses and these, along with driving performance measures based on driver/vehicle response characteristics, were recorded. The results clearly showed a negative impact of the message task on driver decision-making performance when this involved the more complex tasks of weaving and especially left-turning. Such decision-making decrements in the presence of the messages were exacerbated by adverse pavement surface conditions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Automobile Driving / psychology*
  • Cell Phone*
  • Data Collection
  • Decision Making*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Spatial Behavior
  • Task Performance and Analysis*