Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) and CADASIL-like disorders in Japan

Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2002 Nov;977:273-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2002.tb04826.x.


We reviewed 12 patients from 11 Japanese families diagnosed as having CADASIL from 1998 to 2001. The age of onset of focal neurologic deficits ranged from 38 to 71 years (mean: 50.4 +/- 9.8 years). Japanese CADASIL patients rarely had migraine and frequently presented with symptoms of dementia at diagnosis. Notch3 mutations were concentrated in exons 3, 4, and 5. Cysteine was replaced by another amino acid or vice versa in the majority of Japanese CADASIL patients. However, in 2 families, the mutations were not related to cysteine. In the prospective study, 2030 patients with stroke were hospitalized in 6 hospitals with stroke units in the Kumamoto district from 1999 to 2001. Among them, 14 patients fulfilled the criteria of being less than 60 years of age, showing lacunar strokes and/or TIA, presence of a family history, and no risk factors of stroke. One of these 14 patients was diagnosed as having CADASIL by DNA analysis. However, if hyperlipidemia was excluded from the list, 16 patients fulfilled the criteria and 2 patients were diagnosed as having CADASIL by DNA analysis. It was suspected that the incidence of CADASIL is not so rare in Japan. There were some families with CADASIL-like features, but without Notch3 mutations or GOM, suggesting the need for genetic analysis in the future.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Dementia, Multi-Infarct / epidemiology
  • Dementia, Multi-Infarct / genetics*
  • Dementia, Multi-Infarct / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Japan / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged