Hereditary non-syndromic sensorineural hearing loss (NSSHL) is a genetically highly heterogeneous group of disorders. Autosomal dominant forms account for up to 20% of cases. To date, 39 loci have been identified by linkage analysis of affected families that segregate NSSHL forms in the autosomal dominant mode (DFNA). Investigation of a large Spanish pedigree with autosomal dominant inheritance of bilateral and progressive NSSHL of postlingual onset excluded linkage to known DFNA loci and, in a subsequent genome-wide scan, the disorder locus was mapped to 3q28-29. A maximum two-point LOD score of 4.36 at theta=0 was obtained for marker D3S1601. Haplotype analysis placed the novel locus, DFNA44, within a 3-cM genetic interval defined by markers D3S1314 and D3S2418. Heteroduplex analysis and DNA sequencing of coding regions and exon/intron boundaries of two genes (CLDN16 and FGF12) in this interval did not reveal disease-causing mutations.