Assessing cardiovascular risk in children: the Jackson, Mississippi CRRIC Study

J Cult Divers. Fall 2002;9(3):67-72.

Abstract

According to the NHANES III study, obesity, a cardiovascular risk factor, is now an epidemic in the United States. An estimated 97 million adults and one in five children between 6 and 17 are overweight. The purpose of this pilot study was to determine the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among a group of 3rd, 4th, and 5th graders at two randomly chosen elementary schools in Jackson, Mississippi. The sample consisted of 246 ethnic minority children. Results revealed that 16% of the boys had systolic blood pressures at or above the 90th percentile for sex and age and 13% had abnormally high diastolic blood pressures. For girls, 8% exhibited systolic blood pressures and 21% had diastolic blood pressures at or above the 90th percentile. Body mass index (BMI) levels revealed that 39% of the boys and 49% of the girls had BMIs at or above the 85th percentile for age and sex.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • African Americans / statistics & numerical data*
  • Age Distribution
  • Aged
  • Body Height
  • Body Weight
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology*
  • Child
  • Child Welfare*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • European Continental Ancestry Group / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / complications*
  • Hypertension / diagnosis
  • Hypertension / ethnology*
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mississippi / epidemiology
  • Obesity / complications*
  • Obesity / diagnosis
  • Obesity / ethnology*
  • Obesity / prevention & control
  • Pilot Projects
  • Population Surveillance
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Skinfold Thickness