Evidence for a major psoriasis susceptibility locus at 6p21(PSORS1) and a novel candidate region at 4q31 by genome-wide scan in Chinese hans

J Invest Dermatol. 2002 Dec;119(6):1361-6. doi: 10.1046/j.1523-1747.2002.19612.x.

Abstract

Psoriasis is a heterogeneous disease with seven major psoriasis susceptibility loci reported so far on chromosomes 1p, 1q, 3q, 4q, 6p, 17q, and 19p, respectively. To investigate the psoriasis susceptibility loci in Chinese Hans, a genome-wide scan was performed with two-point and multipoint parametric and nonparametric linkage analyses in 61 multiplex families. These families were Chinese Hans residing in east and south-east China, comprising 189 affected and 166 unaffected individuals. We detected evidence for linkage at 6p21 (PSORS1) with nonparametric linkage scores > 3 in the range of 39.9-62.3 cM and a maximum multipoint nonparametric linkage score of 4.58 (p=0.000032). Parametric analysis revealed a maximum two-point heterogeneity lod score of 4.30 with 58% as the proportion of linked families (alpha) and a maximum multipoint heterogeneity lod score of 4.25 (alpha=53%) under the assumption of a dominant model. We could not confirm a previous reported locus (PSORS3) on distal chromosome 4q; however, a region of highly suggestive linkage was identified proximal to this proposed locus. Multipoint nonparametric analysis demonstrated nonparametric linkage scores > 3 throughout a region between 152.5 cM and 165.1 cM (from pter) with a maximum peak of 3.69 (p=0.00033) at 157.9 cM, which locates D4S413. A maximum multipoint heterogeneity lod score of 2.31 (alpha=46%) was reached at 163.1 cM. With two-point parametric linkage analysis, we observed the highest lod score of 2.43 and heterogeneity lod score of 3.94 (alpha=77%) at marker D4S1597. Our results showed that chromosomes 6p and 4q may contain genes involved in the susceptibility to psoriasis vulgaris in a Chinese Han population. Other regions with weaker evidence for linkage could also hide minor susceptibility genes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Asian Continental Ancestry Group / genetics*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 4*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 6*
  • Disease Susceptibility / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Genome, Human
  • Humans
  • Lod Score
  • Male
  • Psoriasis / ethnology*
  • Psoriasis / genetics*