The continuous growth of tumors depends on the altered regulation of the cell cycle, which is in turn modulated by signals from growth factors and their receptors. Blockade of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and IGF-IR by antisense or dominant negative plasmid transfection can suppress tumorigenicity and induce regression of established tumors. We have constructed two recombinant adenoviruses: an adenovirus expressing truncated IGF-IR (ad-IGF-IR/950) with an engineered stop codon at amino acid residue 950, and an adenovirus expressing the soluble extracellular domain of IGF-IR (ad-IGF-IR/482) with an engineered stop codon at amino acid residue 482. Ad-IGF-IR/950 produces a defective receptor with an intact alpha subunit and a defective beta subunit lacking the tyrosine kinase domain. Dominant negative inhibition results from competition of the defective receptor with normal IGF-IR subunits, or the competition with normal IGF-IR for ligand by the soluble receptor. We were able to show here that ad-IGF-IR/950 induced the increased expression of IGF-IR on the cell surface and ad-IGF-IR/482 induced the secretion of the soluble fragment of IGF-IR. The transduction of both ad-IGF-IR/950 and ad-IGF-IR/482 could blunt the growth-stimulatory effect of IGF-I on human lung cancer cell lines. Both ad-IGF-IR/950 and ad-IGF-IR/482 effectively blocked IGF-I-induced Akt kinase activation. Intratumoral injection of ad-IGF-IR/482 virus showed significant growth suppression in established lung cancer xenografts. These findings suggest that these ad-IGF-IR/dn (950, 482) have the potential to be effective and practical cancer gene therapy strategies.