Eight normotensive white middle-aged men were given low, moderate, and high salt diets with constant potassium intakes each for periods of at least 4 weeks. There was a tendency for body weight, serum sodium, exchangeable sodium, and inulin space to increase. Indirect blood pressure measurements revealed no change in blood pressure, either supine or upright measurements, during the 3 study intervals. Inulin clearance (and presumably glomerular filtration rate) rose with increase in dietary salt. Urinary potassium excretion rose progressively as salt intake increased. Total body potassium tended to decrease with increase in dietary salt. There was no changes in the excretion of calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, nor were there changes in the blood level of potassium. There was no change in total body water. The serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels were not appreciably affected by the different dietary sodium intakes. Plasma renin activity and urinary aldosterone excretion rose progressively with the two levels of sodium restriction. These studies indicate that normal man is able to compensate for large differences in sodium intake with minor metabolic changes. These changes do not necessarily lead to hypertension over a one-month period. Nevertheless, many hemodynamic and hormonal compensatory mechanisms come into play. It is evident that hypertension might result should the sodium load not be excreted, the circulating volume become too great for the excretory capacity, or if neural or endocrine adjustments be inadequate.