Serum insulin-like growth factors, insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3, and risk of lung cancer death: a case-control study nested in the Japan Collaborative Cohort (JACC) Study

Jpn J Cancer Res. 2002 Dec;93(12):1279-86. doi: 10.1111/j.1349-7006.2002.tb01235.x.


To elucidate the roles of insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) in the development of lung cancer, we conducted a case-control study nested within the Japan Collaborative Cohort Study. Serum samples were collected at baseline from 39140 men and women between 1988 and 1990. We measured serum IGF-I, IGF-II, and IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) in 194 case subjects who subsequently died from lung cancer during an 8-year follow-up and in 9351 controls. The odds ratios (ORs), adjusted for smoking and other covariates, were smaller with higher levels of IGF-II and IGFBP-3. The ORs across quartiles were 0.41 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.27-0.63), 0.47 (0.31-0.71), and 0.67 (0.46-0.98) for IGF-II (trend P=0.018), and 0.55 (95% CI, 0.37-0.81), 0.54 (0.36-0.82), and 0.67 (0.45-1.01) for IGFBP-3 (trend P=0.037). These peptides were not independently related to lung cancer risk when mutually adjusted. The risk was increased in the highest vs. the lowest quartile of IGF-I only after controlling for IGFBP-3 (OR, 1.74; 95% CI, 1.08-2.81). Limiting subjects to those followed for 3 years strengthened the negative associations of IGF-II and IGFBP-3, whereas the ORs for IGF-I generally decreased. A higher level of circulating IGFBP-3 and / or IGF-II may decrease lung cancer risk. Elevated serum IGF-I may increase the risk, but this could partly be attributable to latent tumors.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3 / blood*
  • Lung Neoplasms / blood
  • Lung Neoplasms / mortality*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Risk
  • Somatomedins / analysis*


  • Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3
  • Somatomedins