Propolis, an old remedy used in modern medicine

Fitoterapia. 2002 Nov;73 Suppl 1:S1-6. doi: 10.1016/s0367-326x(02)00185-5.


Propolis is one of the few natural remedies that has maintained its popularity over a long period of time. The pharmacologically active molecules in the propolis are flavonoids and phenolic acids and their esters. These components have multiple effects on bacteria, fungi and viruses. In addition, propolis and its components have anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activities. Moreover, propolis has been shown to lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels. However, clinical studies to substantiate these claims are required.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adjuvants, Immunologic / therapeutic use
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / therapeutic use
  • Chemistry, Pharmaceutical
  • Humans
  • Phytotherapy*
  • Plant Extracts / therapeutic use
  • Propolis / therapeutic use*


  • Adjuvants, Immunologic
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Plant Extracts
  • Propolis