In the NOD mouse model of type 1 diabetes, major histocompatibilitycomplex (MHC) class I-restricted CD8(+) T cells are essential for disease development. However, the extent of diversity of their antigenic specificities during early pathogenesis remains unclear. An insulin-derived peptide was recently identified as the epitope for the NOD-derived diabetogenic T-cell clone G9C8. To explore the possibility that the early pathogenic CD8(+) T-cell population comprises additional antigenic specificities, we employed the T-cell clones AI4 and NY8.3, both of which are pathogenic and represent specificities present in early insulitic lesions. The clones responded to distinct fractions of chromatographically separated class I MHC-bound peptides purified from NOD-derived NIT-1 beta cells, and neither clone recognized the insulin-derived peptide. NIT-1 cells represent an unlimited peptide source that will allow for the future isolation and sequencing of the novel multiple epitopes targeted early in the autoimmune response by pathogenic CD8(+) T cells.