Military use of depleted uranium: assessment of prolonged population exposure

J Environ Radioact. 2003;64(2-3):227-36. doi: 10.1016/s0265-931x(02)00051-6.


This work is an exposure assessment for a population living in an area contaminated by the use of depleted uranium (DU) weapons. RESRAD 5.91 code was used to evaluate the average effective dose at depths of 1, 10, 20 cm of contaminated soil, in a residential farming scenario. Critical pathways and groups are identified in soil inhalation and ingestion; critical group is identified in children playing with the soil. From the available information on DU released at targeted sites, both critical and average exposure can produce toxicological hazards. The annual dose limit for the population can be exceeded within a few years from DU deposition for soil inhalation. As a result, clean up at targeted sites must be planned on the basis of measured concentration, when available, while special measures must be adopted anyway to reduce unaware exposures.

MeSH terms

  • Agriculture
  • Environmental Exposure*
  • Firearms*
  • Humans
  • Inhalation Exposure*
  • Public Health
  • Rural Population
  • Uranium / adverse effects*
  • Uranium / analysis*
  • Warfare*


  • Uranium