Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure was measured among 242 children with asthma who live in homes where at least one person smokes. Subjects were identified through clinics, schools, community agencies, and hospitals serving low-income, medically underserved communities in Los Angeles. Parents were surveyed about smoking behaviors in the household, children's ETS exposure, and attitudes towards smoking and smoking behavior change. Validation measures included urine cotinine for the child with asthma and passive air nicotine monitors placed in the subjects' homes. Overall reported levels of household smoking and ETS exposure were low, with a significant amount of household smoking taking place outside rather than inside the home. Over 47% of the respondents reported absolute restrictions against smoking in the home, and these restrictions were associated with lower reported levels of smoking, ETS exposure, and air nicotine and urine cotinine concentrations.
Copyright 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd.