The von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor, hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) degradation, and cancer pathogenesis

Semin Cancer Biol. 2003 Feb;13(1):83-9. doi: 10.1016/s1044-579x(02)00103-7.

Abstract

Recently, work on the mechanism of action of the von Hippel-Lindau tumour suppressor protein (pVHL) and studies on hypoxic gene regulation have converged, providing insights into both cellular oxygen sensing and cancer pathogenesis. pVHL is the recognition component of the E3-ubiquitin ligase complex involved in the degradation of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF) alpha-subunits, a process regulated by oxygen availability and blocked by disease causing pVHL mutations. In normoxic cells, pVHL targeting of HIF-alpha subunits follows hydroxylation of critical HIF prolyl residues by a group of oxygen, 2-oxoglutarate- and iron-dependent enzymes. In this review, we outline current understanding of HIF/pVHL/prolyl hydroxylase pathway and consider the implications for VHL-associated cancer.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Gene Expression Regulation / physiology
  • Genes, Tumor Suppressor / physiology
  • Humans
  • Hypoxia / genetics
  • Hypoxia / metabolism
  • Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1
  • Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit
  • Ligases / metabolism*
  • Neoplasms / physiopathology*
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism*
  • Transcription Factors*
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins*
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases*
  • Von Hippel-Lindau Tumor Suppressor Protein
  • von Hippel-Lindau Disease / genetics
  • von Hippel-Lindau Disease / physiopathology

Substances

  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • HIF1A protein, human
  • Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1
  • Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Transcription Factors
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases
  • Von Hippel-Lindau Tumor Suppressor Protein
  • Ligases
  • VHL protein, human