Postural control during sit-to stand and gait in stroke patients

Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2003 Jan;82(1):42-7. doi: 10.1097/00002060-200301000-00007.


Objective: To investigate the relationship of sit-to-stand and gait performance in hemiplegic stroke patients.

Design: A total of 40 chronic stroke patients with hemiplegia and 22 age-matched healthy subjects were included in this study. Data of a motion analysis system and three force platforms were collected in a rehabilitation unit of a medical center.

Results: Laboratory sit-to-stand measurement and gait analysis were evaluated in both groups via three AMTI (Advanced Mechanical Technology Inc.) force platforms and a Vicon 370 system (six high-resolution cameras and one AMTI force plate), respectively. The sit-to-stand and gait parameters of hemiplegic patients were correlated significantly, especially in rising speed and the maximal vertical force of both legs during rising.

Conclusions: Hemiplegic stroke patients, who could stand up within 4.5 sec or who had a maximal vertical force difference of less than 30% of body weight between both legs, had better gait performance than the others did.

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living*
  • Aged
  • Body Height
  • Body Weight
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Chronic Disease
  • Female
  • Gait*
  • Hemiplegia / etiology*
  • Hemiplegia / physiopathology*
  • Hemiplegia / rehabilitation
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motion Pictures
  • Postural Balance
  • Posture*
  • Range of Motion, Articular
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Stroke / classification
  • Stroke / complications*
  • Time Factors