Antifungal Drug Resistance

Clin Infect Dis. 2003 Jan 15;36(Suppl 1):S31-41. doi: 10.1086/344658.

Abstract

The increasing incidence of invasive fungal infections is the result of many factors, including an increasing number of patients with severe immunosuppression. Although new drugs have been introduced to combat this problem, the development of resistance to antifungal drugs has become increasingly apparent, especially in patients who require long-term treatment or who are receiving antifungal prophylaxis, and there is growing awareness of shifts of flora to more-resistant species. The frequency, interpretation, and, in particular, mechanism of resistance to current classes of antifungal agents, particularly the azoles (where resistance has climbed most prominently) are discussed in this review.

MeSH terms

  • Antifungal Agents / pharmacology*
  • Azoles / pharmacology*
  • Biological Transport
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • Drug Resistance, Microbial / physiology*
  • Ergosterol / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Flucytosine / pharmacology
  • Gene Frequency
  • Glucans / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Humans
  • Immunocompromised Host
  • Incidence
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Mycoses / epidemiology
  • Polyenes / pharmacology
  • Trans-Activators*
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Transcriptional Regulator ERG

Substances

  • Antifungal Agents
  • Azoles
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • ERG protein, human
  • Glucans
  • Polyenes
  • Trans-Activators
  • Transcription Factors
  • Transcriptional Regulator ERG
  • Flucytosine
  • Ergosterol