Regulation of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3-24-hydroxylase mRNA by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and parathyroid hormone

J Cell Biochem. 2003 Feb 1;88(2):234-7. doi: 10.1002/jcb.10341.


The 25-hydroxyvitamin D(3)-24-hydroxylase mRNA is tightly and reciprocally regulated by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25(OH)(2)D(3)) and parathyroid hormone (PTH). The upregulation of the 24-hydroxylase by 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) is well established and occurs at the transcriptional level through two vitamin D response elements in the promoter of the gene. However, this induction is blocked by the protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide (CHX) indicating a protein component in the regulation pathway. CHX treatment reduced total vitamin D receptor (VDR) protein levels in cells, but reintroduction of VDR and/or retinoid X receptor protein into cells by transfection did not reduce the inhibition by CHX. This indicates that production of another transcription factor or mRNA-stabilizing protein synthesized in response to 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) is required for optimal accumulation of 24-hydroxylase mRNA. PTH downregulates the 24-hydroxylase mRNA by affecting its stability. The half-life of 24-hydroxylase mRNA is reduced 4.2-fold in AOK-B50 cells by PTH. Untranslated regions of the 24-hydroxylase mRNA in reporter gene assays did not confer PTH responsiveness. Further analysis of the coding region of the rat 24-hydroxylase may reveal sites of action of PTH.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / genetics*
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / metabolism*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic*
  • Half-Life
  • Humans
  • Parathyroid Hormone / genetics
  • Parathyroid Hormone / metabolism*
  • Parathyroid Hormone / pharmacology
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism*
  • Steroid Hydroxylases / genetics*
  • Steroid Hydroxylases / metabolism*
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • Vitamin D / analogs & derivatives*
  • Vitamin D / genetics
  • Vitamin D / metabolism*
  • Vitamin D / pharmacology
  • Vitamin D3 24-Hydroxylase


  • Parathyroid Hormone
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Transcription Factors
  • Vitamin D
  • 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
  • Steroid Hydroxylases
  • Vitamin D3 24-Hydroxylase