Nephrogenic fibrosing dermopathy or scleromyxedema-like illness of renal disease is a recently reported disorder. It manifests as scleromyxedema-like skin lesions without associated paraproteinemia, occurring in the setting of renal disease. In the majority of cases skin lesions of nephrogenic fibrosing dermopathy develop after hemodialysis or renal transplantation; however, the origin is still unknown. We report 4 new cases of nephrogenic fibrosing dermopathy and review the literature. The clinical and histopathologic features, differential diagnosis, possible etiology, and treatment options are reviewed.