We report the use of a sensitive non-tomographic positron detecting system to measure the dose-response curve of naloxone in human brain. [11C]Diprenorphine was administered to normal volunteers in tracer amounts and, 30 min later, various bolus doses of naloxone were given (1.5-160 microg/kg) intravenously and change in [11C]diprenorphine binding monitored over the next 30 min. We found that this method produced results consistent with existing data. It was observed that approximately 13 microg/kg of naloxone ( approximately 1 mg in an 80 kg man) was required to produce an estimated 50% receptor occupation. This is consistent with the clinical dose of naloxone used to reverse opiate overdose (0.4 mg-1.2 mg).