Accuracy of the Vitek 2 automated system (bioMérieux Vitek, USA) for rapid identification of bacteria was evaluated using a collection of 858 epidemiologically unrelated gram-negative and 99 gram-positive clinical isolates. Isolates were tested after subculturing to ensure purity. Conventional agar-based biochemical tests (Steers replicator) were used as a reference method of identification. Gram-negative bacteria were identified to the species level with 95.3% accuracy by the system ( Enterobacteriaceae, 95.9%; and non- Enterobacteriaceae, 92.5%), and gram-positive isolates with 72% accuracy. Although Vitek 2 identified routine clinical isolates of gram-negative bacilli and Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium reliably, rapidly, and reproducibly, improvement is required in the identification of less common species of enterococci and viridans group streptococci.