In this study the total protein content and the latex allergenic protein content in different types of medical gloves commonly used in our hospital were evaluated. The correlation between these two parameters and the correctness of the data provided by the glove manufacturers have been also verified. The main purpose of this study was to acquire information useful for preventing latex allergy in our hospital personnel. 29 different types of medical gloves were examined. The total protein contents were evaluated with Lowry modified method and the allergenic latex protein contents were evaluated with RAST-inhibition assay, both on glove samples and glove extracts. The correlation between inhibition percentages found in glove samples and in glove extracts and the correlation between total protein content and inhibition percentages determined in samples of the same gloves was verified. The highest concentrations of total proteins and allergenic latex proteins were found in examination powdered latex gloves and in surgical powdered latex gloves. A good correlation was observed between the total protein content and the inhibition percentages determined in samples of the same gloves, and between inhibition percentages found in glove samples and glove extracts. A significant amount of latex proteins was found in some brands of nitryl gloves. The clear association between the total protein levels and the allergenic latex protein levels suggests that the gloves with highest total protein content have the greatest allergenic potential. We believe that the total protein content is relevant from a preventive point of view for a proper gloves selection in the workplaces. Therefore, manufacturing companies should provide package inserts including at least the total protein contents and possibly allergenic latex protein levels, with specific measurement methods. Since the highest total protein and allergenic latex protein contents were found in latex powdered gloves, powder-free gloves must be of first choice. RAST-inhibition assays directly on glove samples instead of glove extract seems to be a good reliable and faster alternative for the evaluation of the allergenic potential of latex gloves. For latex allergic subjects it is necessary to pay attention in choosing nitryl gloves, especially as an alternative to natural rubber gloves since some brands may contain significant amounts of allergenic latex proteins.