Relative Phase Alterations During Bimanual Skill Acquisition

J Mot Behav. 1995 Sep;27(3):263-274. doi: 10.1080/00222895.1995.9941716.


The purposes of the research reported here were (a) to examine changes in relative phase during the acquisition of a new coordination pattern and (b) to determine the effect of learning this pattern on the ability to perform other coordination patterns. Ten subjects practiced an upper limb coordination task that required a 90 degrees phase offset and different amplitudes for each arm. A gross approximation of the mean relative phase for the intended coordination pattern occurred quickly, but the attainment of stability occurred much more gradually. These results were accompanied by changes in pattern stability across practice and on various transfer tests. Learning of the new coordination pattern also affected the stability of the antiphase mode, but this effect was only temporary.