The role of nutrition and nutrients in the prevention of chronic diseases

Prim Care. 2002 Sep;29(3):615-27, x. doi: 10.1016/s0095-4543(02)00007-6.


The nutritional factors that increase risk of heart disease, many cancers, and diabetes are identical. Controlling body weight, being physically active, limiting intake of saturated fats, and eating ample amount of fruits and vegetables can all reduce the risk for many different chronic diseases. Physicians have many opportunities to assist their patients in reducing their nutritional risk of chronic diseases.

MeSH terms

  • Body Weight
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Chronic Disease
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / etiology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / prevention & control*
  • Diet* / adverse effects
  • Exercise
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Neoplasms / etiology
  • Neoplasms / prevention & control*
  • Nutritional Requirements
  • Primary Prevention*
  • Risk Factors